WaNPRC/IPRL

Washington National Primate Research Center

The WaNPRC is one of a number of very large primate research facilities in the United States. Other facilities with very large populations (generally 2000 or more) include the other seven NPRCs: Yerkes, New England, Oregon, Tulane, Wisconsin, California, and Southwest. Other large facilities include New Iberia, Manheimer, Wake Forest, Poolesville, Labs of Virginia and handful of others. Contract labs such as Bioqual and Covance also maintain large populations of monkeys and are among the primary consumers of the twenty or so thousand monkeys imported into the U.S. each year for research purposes. The federal government pays to maintain primate breeding colonies at a number of the PRCs to provide many federally funded researchers and labs with a steady supply of monkeys. Approximately sixty thousand monkeys and apes are used each year in the U.S. The U.S. is the world’s top consumer of primates.

The main facility used by the WaNPRC is the unmarked nondescript blue building located at 3010 Western Avenue. It is the site of many redundant tests and cited violations, such as a monkey starving to death and numerous unauthorized surgeries involving the painful implantation, removal, and re-implantation of recording devices.

Infant Primate Research Center

The WaNPRC, in coordination with the Center on Human Development and Disability, operates the Infant Primate Research Center (IPRL). It is an entire lab devoted to the rearing and supplying of infant primates to researchers. Some of the studies used on infant primates here are the psychological effects of separation from their mothers and the effects of Perinatal asphyxia (suffocation).

The IPRL occupies 8000 square feet on the first floor and part of the sub-floor of the Research Tower on Columbia Rd, tucked behind the back of the UW Hospital on Pacific St. The first floor houses a breeding colony, incubators for new-borns, separate rooms for viewing  pregnant  females carrying  infected fetuses, testing rooms, and observing rooms for infants up to one year old.  The sub-floor lab is for studies of lentivirus-infected infant Macaques.  Lentiviruses include HIV(human), SIV (Simian), and FIV (feline), and are the most effective way to genetically infect DNA  because they replicate in the host’s cells. Remote viewing of infant primates is available through UW video monitoring,  where investigators can watch the wasting agony, dementia, and death of infant Macaque monkeys infected with a Simian virus that has no application to humans.

The lab emphasizes, among other protocols, creating developmental disability, deformity, central nervous system injury, brain damage, craniofacial  malformations, fetal alcohol disorders, learning disability, drug addiction, suffocation from clamped umbilical chords, maternal infection, methyl-mercury poisoning of pregnant monkeys, inducing epilepsy
and convulsions to study brain tissue, invasive metal implants in primate spines and brains, surgical disfigurement, infant isolation, and maternal/infant bond elimination. Most infant primates are killed after experiments and their brains are dissected.

Douglas M Bowden Box 357330
Core Staff Scientist, National Primate Research Center
Professor, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
I-509 Health Sciences
Phone: 206 543-2456
FAX: 206 685-0305
dmbowden@u.washington.edu

Thomas Burbacher, Ph.D. Box 357234
Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences
Research Affiliate, Center on Human Development and Disability
Director, Infant Primate Research Lab
Phone: 206-685-7674
tmb@uw.edu

His current studies involves poisoning pregnant monkeys to toxic levels of methanol and methylmercury, and studies the long-term effects of the disabilities and deformities on the infants, for which he received $426,567 in NIH grant money for the 2010-2011 budget year of this long-term project. In the past his research involved fetal alcohol poisoning and exposing them to the wasting effects of Simian AIDS.

Burbacher is also a member of the university’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, where he consistently
approves his own exceptions to the Animal Welfare Act. He voted for protocols, that include, for instance, an approved study for bone cement, to be conducted on pigs and under which all of the pigs will die.

Gene P. Sackett Box 357330
Professor Emeritus, Psychology
Core Staff Member, Washington National Primate Research Center
Associate Director, Infant Primate Research Lab
I-515 Health Sciences
Phone: 206 543-2500
FAX: 206 685-8606
jsackett@bart.rprc.washington.edu, jsackett@u.washington.edu

Received a grant of $155,086 for the 2010-2011 school year from the federal agency National Institutes of Health (NIH) to repeatedly inject primates with childhood vaccines to toxic levels to study its effects. The separation of infant primates from their mothers to study the effects of maternal deprivation is his specialty. Sackett  has based
his career and life on the “study” of the effects of taking babies from their mothers. In 2002, when Sackett reviewed his thirty years of infant primate research, he mentioned that between 1970 and the year 2000, two thousand monkeys were raised without their mothers.

Christine A. Gleason Box 356320
Professor and Head, Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology
RR542 Health Science Building
Phone: 206 543-3200
FAX: 206 543-8926
cgleason@u.washington.edu

Dr. Gleason is currently studying lambs, whom she exposes to alcohol as fetuses.

Donald E Born Box 359791
Clinical Associate Professor, Pathology-Neuropathology
Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Ave. Seattle, WA 98104
Phone: 206 744-2942, 206 982-4958
FAX: 206 897-4688
dborn@u.washington.edu

Dr. Born conducts electro-physiological and anatomical studies of brain tissue from animals.  Born takes these animals, mostly monkeys and rats, and induces epilepsy and convulsions.

Eberhard E Fetz Box 357330
Professor, Physiology and Biophysics
Core Staff, Washington National Primate Research Center
I-549 Health Sciences
Phone: 206 543-4839, 206 685-2486
FAX: 206 685-8606
fetz@u.washington.edu

Since 1978 Dr. Fetz has made a steady career off of money from the NIH doing neural research on primates. Year after year he receives grants for the very same project involving implantations and eye movement tracking with little to show for it; since 2000 (the earliest that online records show) he has received $5,423,536 in NIH grant money for this same project that started in September 1978. This is in addition to the $310,172 he received for the 2010-11 school year for other invasive implants in monkey spines and brains.

Albert F Fuchs Box 355660
Professor, Physiology and Biophysics
Core Staff, National Primate Research Center
I-423A Health Sciences
Phone: 206 543-8014
fuchs@u.washington.edu

In 2008 the USDA cited the UW for unauthorized surgeries involving his research on primates. At his laboratories, macaques underwent numerous surgeries where eye coil and brain implants were installed, removed, and reinstalled, some undergoing as many as a dozen surgeries where IACUC only authorized less than a quarter of them. Despite this egregious incompetence and lack of oversight, he continues to win NIH grants for similar primate neuroscience projects.

Sandra Juul Box 356320
Professor, Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology
Health Sciences Building, RR-542D
Phone: 206 221-6814
FAX: 206 543-8926
sjuul@u.washington.edu

As of April 2010, she received $3,224,431 from the NIH since 2007 for studies involving perinatal asphyxia. Perinatal asphyxia is the neurological condition that results when a newborn infant is deprived of oxygen long enough to cause damage. Animal models include the suffocation of infant monkeys.

From Juul’s NIH abstract: “Prior to delivery by hysterotomy (surgical incision of the uterus), the umbilical cords of near term Macaca were clamped four times ranging between 12 and 15 minutes. Animals were flaccid at birth, seizures occurred in 3 of 8 animals. … Significant motor and behavioral abnormalities (particularly with 15 min of cord clamping), and evidence of gliosis (brain and  central nervous system damage) at the time of death… Animals were euthanized at 4 months of age.”

Michael G Katze Box 358070
Professor, Microbiology
Core Staff / Associate Director for Research, Regional Primate Research Center
Room 258B, Rosen Bldg, 960 Republican St. Seattle WA 98109
honey@u.washington.edu

As of April 2011, Dr. Katze has received $8,734,013 since 2002 to create gene maps and protein databases specific to primates in order to increase their use in research, in particular in AIDS studies, even though humans contract HIV/AIDS and primates contract SIV/AIDS and are not cross-species-transmissible and have their own unique traits.

Shiu-Lok Hu Box 357610
Professor, Pharmaceutics
H272 Health Sciences Building

Washington National Primate Research Center
3000 Western Avenue, Seattle, WA 98121
Phone: 206 221-4939, 206 616-9764
FAX: 206 543-1589
Voicemail: 206 616-9764
hus@u.washington.edu, hus@bart.rprc.washington.edu, hus@uw.edu

Since primates cannot be used as a model for HIV because it can only exist in humans, Dr. Hu has received $930,514 by the NIH for the 2010-11 school year to engineer a version of HIV with enough SIV characteristics so that can exist in macaques and has been infecting them to study the effects. Since 2008 he has also received $2,894,678 for AIDS-related studies which includes infecting macaques with the disease.

Rodney J Y Ho Box 354699
Gibaldi Professor & Director of DNA Sequence & Gene Analysis, Department of Pharmaceutics
UW School of Pharmacy, H272 H, Health Sciences Complex

Affiliate Investigator, Clinical Pharmacology
Fred Huchinson Cancer Research Center
Phone: 206 543-3796, 206 543-9434
FAX: 206 543-3204
Rodneyho@u.washington.edu

Since 2009, he has received $2,883,445 in NIH grant money injecting experimental anti-AIDS drugs into rodents and primates, infecting primates with AIDS, including injecting infant macaques with a strain of HIV that attacks the central nervous system.

Michael Mustari
Core Staff Scientist, Neuroscience and Reproductive & Developmental Sciences divisions
mmustar@wanprc.org

Since 2009 when he came from Emory to UW, he’s received $2,340,130 to restrain primates in head-locking devices to measure eye movements, to give primates electrical shocks to study eye gaze movements, and to surgically alter infant macaques to have misaligned eyes, impaired eye movements, or inability to hold a gaze. Some of these grants go as far back as 1998, with other grants for similar projects as far back as 1989.

Michael Shadlen Box 357290
Professor, Physiology and Biophysics
Core Staff, Washington National Primate Research Center
I-700 HSB
Phone: 206 616-4630
shadlen@u.washington.edu

Since 2000 (the earliest online records show), he’s received $2,199,207 in a project dating from 1996 that uses implants lodged in the skull to monitor neural signals in the brain and forces primates in an artificial decision-making environment.

Julie M. Worlein Box 357330
Research Scientist, Washington National Primate Research Center
Affiliate Assistant Professor, Psychology
HSB, I-059
Phone: 206 616-6142
worleinj@wanprc.org

She specializes in the separation of infant macaques from their mothers, and in 2002 her lab was investigated by the IACUC after records were leaked showing researcher incompetence and monkeys euthanized showing signs of self-mutilation and physical distress. Despite this, she is continues to conduct research at the Primate Center.

All contact and grant amount information is current as of April 2011.

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